Krishi Bhagya Scheme and Benefits.
What , Why Krishi Bhagya?
- In India, it is estimated that about 6, 000 million tons of top soil are lost annually along with valuable plant nutrients.
- This along with inappropriate nutrient management practices has resulted in wide spread deficiencies (60-90% farmers’ fields) of major and micronutrients of Zn, B and S in dryland areas.
- With changing climate, land degradation is expected to only increase due to high intensity storms, extensive dry spells, and denudation of forest cover. Thus there is an urgent need to rejuvenate the degraded lands to productive & profitable use.
The urgent need to unlock the potential of rainfed agriculture has been initiated by the Government of Karnataka through its rain water harvesting programs that include construction of rain water harvesting structures and also simple indigineous methods such as construction of farm ponds.
Further with the climate change phenomenon becoming more visible in the recent years in the form of longer dry spells and more intense rainy days, Karnataka is experiencing more frequent droughts as well as more frequent floods. Therefore the Government of Karnataka and the Ministry of Agriculture under the leadership of Krishna Byre Gowda has devised a clear scheme to make agriculture in the rain fed areas and in the low rainfall zones more sustainable.
The Krishi Bhagya scheme has been implemented phase wise and aims at dry-land regions where the average rainfall in the five agro-climatic zones of Karnataka varies from 450 to 850mm per year. The scheme also grants funds to the farmers to conserve rain water for utilization during dry spells. The water would help the farmers to save their withering crop due to insufficient rain. The main objective of the scheme is to help farmers adopt towards modern technologies that help increase water use efficiency and in the process obtain more crop for a drop of water.
A complete package:
- The scheme is being implemented in the form of package to the farmers. The components of the package include Insitu moisture conservation activities where 80% subsidy is allocated for General and 90% subsidy has been allocated for farmers belonging to SC/ST.
- The scheme also includes Water harvesting structures such as Farm ponds which are designed using a Polythene lining. Again, 80% subsidy is allocated for General and 90% subsidy has been allocated for farmers belonging to SC/ST.
- Apart from these benefits, farmers also get Diesel/Solar pump set to lift the water where subsidy for Diesel pump sets is 50%-General & 90%-SC/ST, Solar pump sets- Subsidy 50%-General & 50%-SC/ST, Micro Irrigation unit to irrigate the crop (Drip/Sprinkler) where subsidy of 90%-General,90%-SC/ST and also for implementing cropping systems.
- The subsidy pattern for agriculture crops where a farmer gets a maximum of Rs.5000/ha has been set according to NFSM guidelines and for Horticulture Crops: a) with polyhouse has been set as per NHM guidelines and b) Without Polyhouse has also been set as per NHM guidelines.
- According to the scheme, the beneficiaries of the scheme have to take up first five components compulsorily while the last component which includes Animal Husbandry activities has been made optional.
- The package is divided into 2 categories which are: a) With Polyhouse and b) Without Polyhouse. In the year 2014-15, Rs. 500-00 crores has already been released towards the scheme.
- The target for made by the Government for each Taluk is to include 10 farmers under Polyhouse category and 200 farmers under Non polyhouse category. The selection of beneficiaries is done through lottery and joint field verification by the concerned line departments.
- So far as many as 8900 farm ponds work has been completed; polythene lining for the completed ponds is also under progress. The amount is being transferred to beneficiaries account through RTGS as per the progress.